New PDF release: Numbers through the Ages: The Logic, History, Evolution and

By Mohamed El Bahry

background of the book
The cause which confident me to jot down this booklet has a really humorous background.
For many years i didn't comprehend that those numbers (0123456789), which make certain the vast majority of our day-by-day exercises, have been Arabic numbers. In Egypt, my native land, those numbers have been continually portrayed as "European numbers".
My first trip to Europe within the yr 1977 led me to Paris (France). I went there right into a mosque to wish, and that i learn pages from the Koran and astonishingly spotted, that the textual content and pages have been numbered with those "European numbers".
I used to be super shocked and curious to determine why the Koran was once supplied in a foreign country with such overseas numbers.
Many years later, nearly 1991, I visited the college of Trier in Germany to benefit the German language.
Then sooner or later I picked up a mailing price ticket from the publish place of work, the place upon I learn a sentence, „the supplied info and knowledge are allowed purely with Arabic numbers”. i used to be then slightly pressured and which numbers have been intended with that?
Then, it turned transparent to me that those numbers, which we use on a daily basis and all over the place, are the unique Arabic numbers.
Therefore, i made a decision to take it upon myself to investigate and locate the solutions to my unanswered questions. How have been they really constructed? Who constructed, changed and designed them? Why will we nonetheless use them today?
In 1997 i started to check and have become a superb buddy of the pc technology. hence it got here into my brain to begin writing approximately and illustrating the numbers as we all know them this present day and their logics. Now it's attainable for me to provide an explanation for intimately and express in attractive diagrams the background, the common sense and the starting place of the numbers.
Without my efforts and examine in looking for out concerning the beginning, visual appeal and the good judgment of the numbers written during this e-book, i'd by no means stumble upon the assumption, to switch the quantity Ten (10), and to offer a brand new quantity procedure. moreover, and perhaps sooner or later i'll say;
“I can have prolonged and reformed a truly outdated numerical system”
I desire that this publication with its contents, options and outlines will open your minds to the attention-grabbing international of numbers, and thank every person for taking the time to learn my book.
“I wish you may have an attractive journey!”

Show description

Read or Download Numbers through the Ages: The Logic, History, Evolution and Appearance of the Numbers I V X L C D M & 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 PDF

Best number theory books

Download e-book for kindle: Birational Geometry, Rational Curves, and Arithmetic (Simons by Fedor Bogomolov,Brendan Hassett,Yuri Tschinkel

​​​​This e-book beneficial properties contemporary advancements in a swiftly becoming region on the interface of higher-dimensional birational geometry and mathematics geometry.  It makes a speciality of the geometry of areas of rational curves, with an emphasis on functions to mathematics questions.  Classically, mathematics is the research of rational or necessary suggestions of diophantine equations and geometry is the learn of strains and conics.

Analytic Number Theory, Approximation Theory, and Special by Gradimir V. Milovanović,Michael Th. Rassias PDF

This e-book, in honor of Hari M. Srivastava, discusses crucial advancements in mathematical study in a number of difficulties. It includes thirty-five articles, written by means of eminent scientists from the foreign mathematical neighborhood, together with either examine and survey works. topics lined comprise analytic quantity idea, combinatorics, specified sequences of numbers and polynomials, analytic inequalities and purposes, approximation of capabilities and quadratures, orthogonality and detailed and complicated features.

Download PDF by J. Coates,M. J. Taylor: L-Functions and Arithmetic (London Mathematical Society

This quantity is an outgrowth of the LMS Durham Symposium on L-functions, held in July 1989. The symposium consisted of a number of brief classes, geared toward offering rigorous yet non-technical expositions of the newest examine components, and a few person lectures on particular issues. The participants are all striking figures within the region of algebraic quantity idea and this quantity may be of lasting price to scholars and researchers operating within the zone.

Quadratic Residues and Non-Residues: Selected Topics - download pdf or read online

This e-book bargains an account of the classical conception of quadratic residues and non-residues with the target of utilizing that thought as a lens during which to view the improvement of a few of the basic equipment hired in glossy common, algebraic, and analytic quantity concept. the 1st 3 chapters current a few easy proof and the heritage of quadratic residues and non-residues and speak about numerous proofs of the legislation of Quadratic Reciprosity intensive, with an emphasis at the six proofs that Gauss released.

Extra resources for Numbers through the Ages: The Logic, History, Evolution and Appearance of the Numbers I V X L C D M & 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

Sample text

Download PDF sample

Numbers through the Ages: The Logic, History, Evolution and Appearance of the Numbers I V X L C D M & 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 by Mohamed El Bahry

by George

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 28 votes